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Jagannath Temple

 

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath (Vishnu) and located in the coastal town of Puri in the state of Orissa, India. The name Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) is a combination of the Sanskrit words Jagat (Universe) and Nath (Lord of). The temple is an important pilgrimage destination for many Hindu traditions, particularly worshippers of Krishna and Vishnu, and part of the Char Dham pilgrimages that a Hindu is expected to make in one's lifetime . The temple was built in the 11th century atop its ruins by the progenitor of the Eastern Ganga dynasty, KingAnantavarman Chodaganga Deva. The temple is famous for its annual Rath Yatra, or chariot festival, in which the three main templedeities are hauled on huge and elaborately decorated temple cars. Since medieval times, it is also associated with intense religious fervour.

Deities:
The central forms of Jagannath, Balabhadra and the goddess Subhadra constitute the trinity of deities sitting on the bejewelled platform or the Ratnavedi in the inner sanctum. The Sudarshan Chakra, idols of Madanmohan, Sridevi and Vishwadhatri are also placed on the Ratnavedi. The deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Sudarshan Chakra are made from sacred Neem logs known as Daru Bramha.Depending on the season the deities are adorned in different garbs and jewels. Worship of the deities pre-date the temple structure and may have originated in an ancient tribal shrine.

Daily offerings are made to the Lord six times a day. These include:

  • The offering to the Lord in the Morning that forms His breakfast and is called The Gopala Vallabha Bhoga.
  • The Sakala Dhupa forms his next offering at about 10 O’ clock in the morning Sakala Dhupa. This generally consists of 13 items including the Enduri cake & Mantha puli.
  • Bada Sankhudi Bhoga forms the next repast & the offering consists of Pakhala with dahi and Kanji payas. The offerings are made in the bhog mandapa, about 200 feet from the Ratna Vedi. This is called Chatra Bhog and was introduced by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century to help pilgrims share the temple food.
  • The Madhyanha dhupa forms the next offering at the noon.
  • The next offering to the Lord is made in the evening at around 8 o’clock it is Sandhya Dhupa.
  • The last offering to the Lord is called the Bada Simhara Dhupa. Breakfast is a seven item treat — Khua, Lahuni, sweetened coconut grating, coconut water, and puffed rice sweetened with sugar known as khai and curd and bananas.
  • Gopal Vallabh Bhog (Breakfast at 8.30 A M )
  • Sakala Dhupa (Morning Meal at 10.00 AM)
  • Bhoga Mandapa Bhoga (Supplementary to Breakfast at 11.00 AM)
  • Madhyanna Dhupa (Mid Day Meal at 12.30 to 1.00 PM)
  • Sandhya Dhupa (Evening Meal at 7.00 to 8.00 PM)
  • Bada Singhara Dhupa (Late night Meal at 11.00 PM)

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